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      聚創(chuàng  )考研網(wǎng)官方聯(lián)系電話(huà)
      聚創(chuàng )考研網(wǎng) > 備考指導 > 考研公共課 > 考研英語(yǔ) > 正文

      2025考研英語(yǔ):《經(jīng)濟學(xué)人》中英讀譯Day51

      作者:聚創(chuàng )考研網(wǎng)-王老師 點(diǎn)擊量: 117 發(fā)布時(shí)間: 2024-03-25 09:29 【微信號:13306030226】


      英語(yǔ)閱讀能力依靠什么?必然是詞匯的積累,但,僅僅是詞匯的積累是不夠了,更應該了解英語(yǔ)句式,不同句型所表達意義。如何培養自己的閱讀語(yǔ)感呢?那么就跟著(zhù)聚創(chuàng )考研網(wǎng)小編每天學(xué)一點(diǎn)英語(yǔ),一起為考研筑起堅實(shí)的地基。閱讀是需要積累的,就像我們需要經(jīng)常和人溝通才會(huì )促進(jìn)我們的表達能力一樣~小伙伴跟著(zhù)小編一起,每天堅持打卡,培養英語(yǔ)閱讀能力及語(yǔ)感,了解文章一些經(jīng)典詞匯的用法。


      經(jīng)濟學(xué)人:不睡覺(jué)也能形成新記憶(下)


      However, the kind of memories formed during sleep and during wake, they differ.In our study we could at least disentangle two very different kinds of memories:On the one side, memories which are for recognition of an object independent of context, and on the other hand, those memories which are context and space dependent.So, rats who stayed awake were actually better at remembering the original object than their fully rested counterparts–but only when the item was presented in a new location.Rats who’d gotten some shut-eye after their initial study sesh seemed thrown by the change in venue and showed no signs of recognizing the familiar objects when they appeared out of context.That suggests their memories were context-dependent, whereas for the rats who skipped the nap, context didn’t matter.
      譯文

      但是,睡覺(jué)時(shí)和清醒時(shí)形成的記憶類(lèi)型是不同的。在我們的研究中,我們至少可以理出兩種截然不同的記憶:一種記憶是用于識別獨立于環(huán)境背景的對象,另一種記憶則是依賴(lài)于環(huán)境和空間。因此,保持清醒的老鼠實(shí)際上比好好休息的老鼠對原始物體的記憶表現更好,但前提是物體出現在了新的位置上。在最初的學(xué)習過(guò)程中得到充足睡眠的老鼠似乎會(huì )對場(chǎng)地的變化感到在意,當脫離環(huán)境背景時(shí),它們沒(méi)有表現出認出了熟悉物體的跡象。這表明它們的記憶依賴(lài)于環(huán)境,而對于沒(méi)有打盹兒的老鼠來(lái)說(shuō),環(huán)境背景并不重要。

       

      In life, of course, wake is always followed by sleep…So Born says the two paths to memory consolidation most likely complement each other with sleep putting waking memories in their proper place.So the wake state may, for example, serve to enhance the different events experienced during the wake phase, keep it in your memory, until you go into the sleep phase.And the sleep phase, puts these objects, these events--into the right context and in this way enhances a full blown episodic memory.Now, as to whether you might want to avoid dozing after you cram for an exam…I wouldn’t recommend this.Of course, rats aren’t people. And people aren’t rats. So it’s not really a fair question.I think it is a little too early to infer based on our results what students should do to be optimally prepared for an exam.
      譯文
      當然,在生活中,清醒之后總是會(huì )睡覺(jué).....博恩表示,這兩種鞏固記憶的途徑很可能是相輔相成的,睡眠會(huì )將清醒時(shí)的記憶放在適當的位置。因此,例如,清醒狀態(tài)可能有助于增強在清醒階段經(jīng)歷的不同事件,將其保存在記憶中,直到你進(jìn)入睡眠階段。而睡眠階段會(huì )將這些對象和事件置于正確的環(huán)境背景中,從而增強完整的情景記憶。你如果在想能不能在刷題備考之后避免不入睡......我不推薦這么做。當然,老鼠不是人,人也不是老鼠,所以這個(gè)問(wèn)題并不那么可推衍。我認為現在根據我們的研究成果推斷出最佳的備考方法還為時(shí)過(guò)早。

      Nevertheless, Born does come down on the side of sleep.I’m still convinced, although we cannot infer this from our studies, I’m still convinced that sleep leads to the more effective, overall more effective, type of memory formation.Plus, sleep gives your brain a chance to rest.When you are not fully rested, it is in general more difficult to retrieve any kind of memory in comparison when you are fully rested.And the findings suggest that 40 winks should help you remember not just the who, what, and when, but also the wherefore.For Scientific American’s 60-Second Science, I’m Karen Hopkin.
      譯文

      不過(guò)博恩個(gè)人更偏向于好好睡覺(jué)。盡管我們無(wú)法從這項研究中推斷出這一點(diǎn),但我仍然相信睡眠會(huì )導致總體上更有效的記憶形成方式。再說(shuō)了,睡眠會(huì )讓你的大腦有機會(huì )休息。當你沒(méi)有得到充分的休息時(shí),一般來(lái)說(shuō),你會(huì )比得到充分休息時(shí)更難找回任何形式的記憶。研究結果還表明,眨眼40次應該不僅可以有助于你記住時(shí)間、人物和事件,還可以幫你記住其中的緣由。謝謝大家收聽(tīng)科學(xué)美國人——60秒科學(xué)。我是凱倫·霍普金。


      以上是聚創(chuàng )考研網(wǎng)為考生整理的"2025考研英語(yǔ):《經(jīng)濟學(xué)人》中英讀譯Day51"的相關(guān)考研信息,希望對大家考研備考有所幫助! 備考過(guò)程中如有疑問(wèn),也可以添加老師微信juchuang911進(jìn)行咨詢(xún)。

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